MISSION STATEMENT
The European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry is an organization of individuals whose primary concern is in the area(s) of practice, education and/or research specifically related to the specialty of Paediatric Dentistry. It purpose shall be the advancement of the specialty of Paediatric Dentistry for the benefit of the oral health of children.
Mailing list

Please send us your e-mail address to stay informed...

Dr. Kyriaki Tsinidou
webmaster@eapd.eu

NUTRITION AND TOOTH DECAY IN INFANCY


Question: What should I pay attention to concerning my child’s diet?

There is no doubt that breast-feeding is the ideal nutrition for an infant since mother's milk contains all necessary ingredients that help the balanced upbringing of a newborn baby.  Since you have decided to bring a baby in this world it would be a great pity to deprive it of such a precious experience.  After the first months you will, of course, start improving its feeding step by step.

The basic dietetic habits of the child are created during the first years of its life, when its parents have the absolute control of the diet.  For this reason the choice of food and the habits that are introduced to the child are very important.  Try to avoid  food that contains large quantities of sugar, and putting sugar in your child’s food or milk.

If the child needs to have snacks between meals, you should avoid food containing sugar (chewing gum, candy, cookies, soft drinks, fruit juices that contain sugar).  Recommended foods are vegetables (carrot, celery, cucumber), fruit and fruit juices without sugar.  Also, yellow cheeses would be a very good choice, because they help in fighting tooth decay.  Children accept these foods easier if they haven’t been previously used to foods with large quantities of sugar.

Bad nutritional habits generally promote the appearance of tooth decay in all ages.  An example of the effect of nutrition  in tooth decay, is the baby-bottle tooth decay or nursing caries syndrome.

 

Question: What is the nursing caries syndrome?

Nursing caries syndrome  is a severe form of tooth decay, which is primarily due to bad feeding habits (feeding in bed while sleeping).  This tooth decay usually affects the anterior primary teeth of  children 2-5 years of age.

 


Question: How does nursing caries syndrome  occur?

The most usual cause of this form of decay is the use of the nursing  bottle during sleep.  During sleep the quantity of saliva in the mouth is reduced and the milk, whether on its own or with sugar  remains, on the teeth causing tooth decay.  We will have the same result if instead of milk we put fruit juice in the bottle, even if it is diluted, water with sugar or honey, or if we give the child a pacifier that has been dipped in honey or sugar.  Even the mother’s milk can cause this kind of damage, if the child is allowed to nurse after the age of 1 year and  whenever it wants to during night-time.

 

Question: What is the best way to deal with nursing caries?

The best way of confronting baby-bottle decay is PREVENTION.  Its prevention can be accomplished by informing the parents on what they have to do and what they have to avoid.  

 

Question: How can I prevent nursing bottle syndrome?

Keep on breast-feeding your baby at least till its 4th or  6th month.

Put only  milk or water in the baby’s bottle and use it only during daytime and never when the baby is asleep.

Never put juices or other fluids in the bottle, until the child is able to drink from a glass by itself try to feed it with a spoon.

Never give the child pacifiers  dipped in sugar or honey.  It is the worst thing to do to your child's teeth.

From the moment the child's first teeth appear, clean them after every meal.  Start with a wet gauze and later with a small and soft toothbrush without toothpaste.

When you bottle-feed the baby  hold it, as well as the bottle.   This way the child learns that its parents are the ones who control the bottle.  Under no circumstances should you confuse the time the child eats with the time it sleeps.  These should be two separate activities.

Visit the paediatric dentist with your child as soon as it has some teeth and, certainly, never later than the age of 3.
 

Question: When should I stop the habit of feeding  the child  with the bottle?

From the age that the child can sit by itself, it can and should  drink from a training cup.  In general, the child should stop the use of the baby-bottle before it is 12 months old.

 

Question: How can I  help my baby forget its milk - bottle?

There are 3 methods  that can be used for the discontinuation of this drinking habit.

The most drastic way is to throw the bottle in the garbage after the 12th month.

Another way is to gradually dilute the contents of the bottle with water so that  after two weeks the contents of the bottle will be pure water.

The third way is to reduce the quantity of  fluid in the bottle daily  until the habit stops.

Replace the bottle with a training cup with a special spoot on its cover.  This will gradually  lead the baby to the ordinary cup.


 

Latest news
EAPD - Volume 17 - Issue 6 - December 2016
EAPD General Assembly Agenda, Friday June 3rd, Belgrade, Serbia (Members only)
Minutes of EAPD General Assembly in Sopot, Poland, 2014 (Members only - Draft)
Events
Sponsors
Copyright © 2009 EAPD. All rights reserved.

active³ 4.7 · Webeffect · Disclaimer